WXXA-TV, virtual channel 23 (VHF digital channel 8), is a Fox-affiliated television station licensed to Albany, New York, United States and allocation New York’s Capital District (Albany–Schenectady–Troy) as well as Berkshire County, Massachusetts. The station is owned by Shield Media, LLC; Nexstar Media Group, which owns ABC connect WTEN (channel 10, also licensed to Albany), operates WXXA under joint sales and shared services agreements (JSA/SSA). The two stations share studios on Northern Boulevard in Albany’s Bishop’s Gate section and teller services on the Helderberg Escarpment west of New Salem, a hamlet of New Scotland. There is no part website for WXXA-TV; instead, it is incorporated with that of sister station WTEN.WXXA-TV is the only marketable television station in Albany that has never changed its principal network affiliation or call letters.
WXXA signed on July 30, 1982 and aired an analog sign on UHF channel 23. It was the assets District’s first self-governing station, as well as the first new profitable station to launch in the market since WTRI (channel 35), forerunner of WNYT (channel 13), launched 28 years previous The Capital District had a fairly extended wait for an independent station, bearing in mind its size. On paper, it had been large enough to support an independent since the late 1960s. However, the Capital District is a quite large market geographically, stretching across a big swath of east-central New York, as well as portions of southwestern Vermont and western Massachusetts. Much of this area is very hilly, particularly in the northern portion. UHF stations have never enclosed large areas or rocky terrain very well. By the late 1970s, cable and satellite—then as now, a must for acceptable television in much of this marketplace—had gained enough penetration for an self-governing to be feasible. A construction authorize had been issued for channel 23 in the 1950s with the calls WPTR-TV; that permit was canceled in 1960.